Asthma is a chronic lung disease that results in the temporary narrowing of the airways that transport air from the nose and mouth to the lungs. Symptoms include difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing, and tightness in the chest. The severity of asthma varies from individual to individual. Some people have symptoms once in a while and others have symptoms that may interfere with daily life.
No one really knows what causes asthma. Researchers think that it is likely a combination of inherited factors and environmental factors that interact, typically early in life. These factors include:
Asthma cannot be cured, but it can be controlled. Attacks can be avoided by taking medicine exactly as the doctor or other medical professional says and by avoiding triggers that can cause an attack.
An asthma attack can occur when someone with asthma is exposed to things in the environment that “trigger” their asthma. One person’s triggers can be very different from those of another person with asthma. Do what you can to decrease these triggers in the environment (more). Triggers may include: