Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

  • Purpose: To collect data on babies born with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, to track trends and support evidence-informed practices to screen, manage, and prevent opioid dependency in mothers and infants.
  • Key Information: Number of Rhode Island infants with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome per 1,000 live births; selected maternal characteristics among babies with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome compared with all births in Rhode Island. Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome refers to the withdrawal and series of ill effects often experienced by a child born to a mother dependent on illicit drugs or pharmaceutical drugs (most commonly opioids like prescription pain medications or heroin). (more) Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome was identified by ICD-9 code 779.5.

Rhode Island Numbers

Full Screen / Data

Infants Diagnosed with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Rhode Island, 2005-2012

  • Between 2005 and 2012, the rate of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome in Rhode Island resident births increased from 4.4 to 8.3 cases per 1,000 live births.

Note: Rate = Number of RI infants with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome per 1,000 live births.

Source: Hospital Discharge Database, Rhode Island Department of Health

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Rates, Rhode Island, January - March (Q1), 2013 - 2014

  • When comparing quarter one of calendar years 2013 and 2014 (January March), the rate of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome nearly doubled from 6.3 to 11.0 cases per 1,000 live births.

Note: 2014 data are provisional

Sources: Q1 2013 data: Hospital Discharge Database, Rhode Island Department of Health; Q1 2014 data: Newborn Developmental Screening Program, KIDSNET, Rhode Island Department of Health

Selected Maternal Characteristics among Babies with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) Compared with All Births, Rhode Island, 2013

  • A review of the demographics of Rhode Island resident NAS births as compared to all RI births shows that mothers of NAS infants are more likely to be older than 30, single, and white, and to receive public insurance.

Note: "All Births" are based on 2012 data

Source: Newborn Developmental Screening Program, KIDSNET, Rhode Island Department of Health