Hepatitis B (HBV)
- Hepatitis B (HBV) is passed in blood, semen and vaginal fluids.
- It can be passed from mother to child at birth.
- Someone who has vaginal and/or anal sex with someone who is infected with HBV.
- Someone who shares needles, syringes and/or works for any reason, such as using drugs, piercing and/or tattooing. (more)
- Someone who shares or handles razors, nail files, combs, toothbrushes and/or any other personal care items of someone who has HBV.
- Someone who has been exposed to body and/or body fluids at work.
If you are at-risk for hepatitis B infection, contact your doctor. Early diagnosis will help prevent spreading the disease and protect your liver.
What you should do
To avoid Hepatitis B
- Get a preventive Hepatitis A & B vaccine series. (more)
- Use gloves if touching blood or body fluids.
- Don’t share needles or works for injecting drugs, piercing, tattooing or any other reason. (more)
- Don’t share personal care items, such toothbrushes, razors, nail files, combs or washcloths. Some blood may be on it.
- Practice safer (more)
- If you are a health care worker, always follow routine barrier precautions and safely handle needles and other sharps. (more)
If you think you have been exposed to Hepatitis B
- Contact your primary care physician or go to a Hepatitis testing, counseling and referral site to get tested.
- Hepatitis B Immune Globulin (HBIG) may be recommended for persons with a confirmed exposure to Hepatitis B, such as newborn infants of mother and sex partners of with Hepatitis B patients or carriers.
If you are infected
- Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages
- Do not shoot drugs. Only take medications approved by your physician.
- Eat healthy food.
- Get regular check-ups.
- Get preventive hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccinations.
- Do not donate your blood, body organs, other tissue, or sperm.
- Do not share toothbrushes, razors, or other personal care articles that might have blood/body fluids on them.
- Cover your cuts or open sores.
- Abstain from having sex, if not practice safer sex practices. (more)