- Rachel Cain
PRAMS, the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, is a population-based surveillance program. PRAMS uses a confidential survey to identify and monitor selected maternal attitudes, behaviors and experiences before, during, and after pregnancy – information that is not routinely available from other sources. Rhode Island implemented PRAMS in 2002 and is one of 40 states currently participating in PRAMS. (more) Each month about 165 Rhode Island women who recently gave birth are randomly chosen to receive the survey by mail. About 2,000 women, more than 15% of recent mothers, are selected to participate in PRAMS each year. Rhode Island PRAMS surveys all mothers who deliver a low birth weight infant and prior to 2012, over-sampled births occurring in the core cities of Central Falls, Newport, Pawtucket, Providence, West Warwick and Woonsocket. Several actions are taken to obtain a high response rate. A gift card is sent with the first survey in appreciation for their anticipated participation. The survey is mailed out a second and third time to women who do not respond to the initial mailing. Women who do not respond after three mailings are called and offered the opportunity to complete the survey over the telephone. Surveys and interviews are available in English and Spanish. The PRAMS program requires state's to acheive at least a 65% response rate from the participants. The data from completed surveys are analyzed and used to improve the health of pregnant women and their babies including:
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides funding for PRAMS through a cooperative agreement. Rhode Island is one of 40 states participating in PRAMS.